My child has ADHD - his doctor said that this affects my child’s executive functioning- what does this mean?
Children with ADHD have deficits in executive functioning. Executive functioning takes place in the brain, and includes many neurological functions critical for success in school and in life. Critical cognitive skills, known as executive functioning, may interfere with a child’s ability to do well in school. Executive functioning deficits may cause problems in several areas important to school success: getting started on and completing schoolwork; remembering homework; memorizing facts; writing reports; working math problems; being on time; controlling emotions; completing long-term projects; and planning for the future.
What to do? It is crucial to identify and treat the student’s specific learning problems and executive functioning deficits (working memory, disorganization, forgetfulness, impaired sense of time, etc), and provide accommodations in both areas. Successful treatment includes a team approach with the child’s parents, physicians and teachers. At school, there will need to be changes in the student’s learning environment, including modifications in testing, grading, and assignments. Using technology, including computers, voice activated software, e-readers, etc. will also be helpful.